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grandresearchpaperhelp com Emergency situations can happen when we least expect them. Being a Helivac member, you know the importance of planning ahead and being prepared for any situation. One of the best ways to do this is to http://www.jadecoastjewelry.com/help-writing-hypothesis/ help writing hypothesis know what vital signs to look for when coming across a medical emergency?
http://www.forgiveengland.com/dissertation-conclusion-example/ dissertation conclusion example When you call the Helivac call centre in an emergency – you could be asked some of these questions as the medical emergency team assesses the seriousness of the event, making them an important way that you can assist in an emergency situation.
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Look for signs of breathing first. It is very important that the brain gets oxygen as soon as possible (within 3 minutes) if a person stops breathing, otherwise it could lead to brain damage or certain death.
Breathing rates differ depending on the age of the patient. Adults 10-20 breaths per minute; Children (1-8 years old): 20-30 breaths per minute and babies 30-70 breaths per minute.
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- Open the airway (head tilt chin lift)
- Look for any chest movement
- Listen for breathing from nose or mouth
- Feel for breath against your cheek while listening
- Make sure there are no objects in the mouth restricting breathing
- Keep the airway open
persuasive speeches with no plagiarism 2. Pulse/ Circulation
A person’s pulse rate gives you an indication of how fast their heart is pumping, and could even give you an indication of what could be wrong with the patient. Pulse rates also differ according to age. Adults 60-80 beats per minute; Children 80-100 beats per minute; Babies 100-120 beats per minute and Newborns 120-140 beats per minute
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- The Radial Pulse is situated at a person’s wrist. Follow the line up from the thumb toward the arm, just above the wrist on the inner arm.
- The Carotid Pulse is situated in the neck. Slide your fingers across the neck from the Adam’s apple towards you. You should feel a pulse next to the neck muscle.
- The Brachial Pulse is situated between the muscles of the inner upper arm. This pulse is mostly used with babies.
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When checking the skin temperature, use the back of your hand to touch the person’s skin and gauge if it is warm, cold or normal. Then check their skin condition – is it dry or clammy. Then check the skin colour to see if it is blue, pale or normal. For skin colour also check the finger tips, earl lobes, mouth and nose.
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It is important to be able to distinguish between the patients different levels of consciousness. Patients in a coma for example, need to be hospitalised immediately.
discussion of dissertation theme on the academic council Different levels of consciousness:
- Normal – Person responds well and reacts in a normal manner
- Disorientated – Person is confused and answers questions vaguely.
- Lethargic – Person is drowsy and responses are poor.
- Stupor – Person sleeps, can be awakened with difficulty. Pupils react to light.
- Coma – Person sleeps. Unable to wake. Pupils do not respond.
- Death – Person is clinically dead. There are not vital signs.
Knowing where and how to look for these vital signs is the best thing that you can do for a patient in an emergency and will help you get them the best possible medical care as you pass on this information to the medical professionals.